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Christopher Jackson
Christopher Jackson

MTZ 82



However, at first it was necessary to develop a production of starting engines. This task was not easy. After all, for its solution it was needed to do about 700 different operations on machines and devices. The first PD-10 engine had been assembled to the 31st anniversary of October.




MTZ 82



In 1950, molding, mechanical-repair and foundry shops were placed in operation and iron foundry was handed over for montage. The temporary tractor assembling shop was established at areas of fuel devices shop. In this year the plant staff had to finish all works concerned with developing and preproduction of tractors and diesel-engines, to put into operation all production buildings, to build 16000 m of dwellings, building of industrial school and schools in Slepianka region, to finish a construction of underground communications on the industrial area, to lay on water supply and sewage system in dwelling village, to complete a tram-line, to pave the new roads and footpaths. The day 4th of November 1950 was mentioned in chronicle of working feat of Byelorussian tractor builders as a beginning day of serial production of KD-35 tractor.


The first-born of Minsk tractor builders had a big and deserved success with toilers of fields. KD-35 tractors were equipped with 37 h.p. 4-cylinder diesel engines. The engine had high efficiency. So, it consumed 13 kg of fuel per 1 hectare of tillage at average conditions. Fuel tank capacity was designed for fuel of 10 hours undisturbed operation. Machine prototype ploughed up 6 hectares of land for 10 hours.


The tractor has been produced not long, only 9 months till August 1951. 406 machines were made for this time. Production of diesel and starting engines for KD-35 has been continued. They were delivered to Lipezk tractor plant. Later this engine was applied to wheeled versatile cultivated tractor that had been developed by the plant engineers since 1948.


July 18, 1949 was the field day for all workers of the plant. The first Byelorussian wheeled tractor of plant design had left the gates of experimental shop. Afterwards, the prototype of wheeled tractor was as a base for creation of MTZ-2 serial machines.


October, 14 1953 is a historical date for works team, assembling of MTZ-1 and MTZ-2 tractors was finished at the mother conveyor. These machines had determined all further works specialization in production of wheeled versatile tractors.


KT-12 gas-producing tractor is a special track-type tractor designed for tree skidding. It had come in USSR in first after-war years. It had no analogue in any other countries. Firstly skidding was carried out by cartage (by horses), manual or by motor winches. KT-12 tractor was created by designers of Kirovsk plant in Leningrad in co-operation with scientists of Leningrad forestry engineering academy. KT-12 tractor had been produced at Kirovsk plant till 1951. Now it would be set up its production at Minsk Tractor Works. Only three months had been led for decision of all organizational questions. So, for short history of the works existence, MTW had to develop the second (after KD-35) machine, moreover not its own design.


The first batch of KT-12 skidding machines was assembled at the main conveyor of tractor assembling shop on August 15, 1951. In the production process the tractor had been modernized for the purpose to improve functional quality of machine. For the short period of time the plant designers have increased the warranty period of machine 1,5 times more by changing some units and components.


In 1954, the design of such tractor was developed with mark TDT-40. The tractor was designed for tree-length hauling direct from cutting area. Accept hauling timber, it was indispensable at throw, for various transport operations on impassibility of roads. In 1955, according to operational test the interdepartmental committee has stated that TDT-40 tractor is very needed for Ministry of USSR forest industry and it is rational to put it into production in a short period of time. In accordance with resolution of Ministry of USSR tractor and agricultural machinery industry, TDT-40 diesel tractors were put into batch production since May, 1959. By the end of the year their number exceeded 3430. The same year design works were finished and first prototypes of D-50 diesel tractor were produced. New engine exceeded the power of its predecessor more then 10 h.p., smaller size and the weight was 350 kg lighter.


After TDT-54 skidder was approved by the state commission for batch production, each units of tractor was tested. As a result, most of its units were modernized. Besides this, D-54 diesel was forced to 60 h.p. power, after this the tractor was named TDT-60. In 1956, four its prototypes have passed all state proof tests in works conditions in Vakhtansk timber industry enterprise of Gorki region.


The works has gotten into difficulties because of the simultaneous production of two MTZ-2 and TDT-40 tractors with absolutely different designs and functions. The works had no possibility to develop two different productions at the same time: the agriculture was in urgent need of production of MTZ-2 tractor, and Ministry of USSR forest industry was interested in TDT-40 tractor.


Until 1959, MTW had a facility to produce only 18000 wheeled tractors of MTZ-2 type, 6000 of TDT-40 track-type tractor skidders and 40000 of D-40 engines. Also MTZ-5, MTZ-5M and MTZ-5L tractors were put into batch production, and in 1956 designers have designed the new diesel engine for future MTZ-50 tractor. Not only the works, but and all country was interested in creation of new prospective general-purpose tractor. Technical project of the tractor was finished in 1957 and approved by leading Scientific Automotive Institute.


In 1972, state tests of MTZ-80/82L tractor (with electric starting run and starting engine) was finished. The tests have shown that the number of mounted machines and implements on tractor has increased to 230 denominations. High speed (to 35 km/h) gave a possibility to use tractor more efficiently at transport operations.


In 1974, MTZ-80 was put into batch production. The tractor was intended as a base for developing on it the new family of unified power-saturated tractors as wheeled and as track-type tractor. The main differences of MTZ-80 tractor from MTZ-50 were the following:


Experience of MTZ-80 operation in various country regions has shown up the necessity of developing the modification of this machine designed for certain agricultural and other works. The most popular modifications of MTZ-80 tractor were: MTZ-82P rice-growing, MTZ-82H low-clearance, MTZ-82K hillside.


MTZ-82P tractor was designed for comprehensive mechanization of rice cultivation and attendant cultures of crop rotation, including for cultivating and planning of water filled-up irrigable areas, rice sowings, looking after irrigative system. A fundamental distinction of MTZ-82P from MTZ-82 basic model was: it had increased to 700 mm clearance under sleeves of front and rear axles and frame. It was achieved due to installation of additional board rear axle gear, unified with MTZ-80X tractor and tires of large sizes.


MTZ-82H tractor was designed first of all for mechanization of mining agriculture. The main factor limiting the application of flat tractor in mining agriculture is steepness of slope. The flat tractors can use at slopes with 8 degree steepness. MTZ-82H tractor differs from serial MTZ-82 by reduced centre of gravity and correspondingly has larger lateral and transverse stability. Reduction of centre of gravity was achieved by installation the front and rear wheels with reduced diameter.


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The back brush of "ShchZ - MTZ.00" is intended for removal of dust, sand, snow and garbage from the carriageway of streets, roads, sidewalks, the areas and production territories. The brush is established behind on the available hinge plate of the MTZ tractor and is the quick - detachable equipment. The drive of a brush is provided to tractor VOM via the driveshaft to a brush reducer. Attention! In order to avoid breakage of basic wheels of the movement of the car the backing allows only with the brush lifted in transport situation. Technical characteristics: A working corner from cross situation - the 30th hail. Diameter of a brush - 550 mm. Pile material - polypropylene Width of the processed strip - 1980 mm. Working width of the processed strip - 1715 mm. Frequency of rotation of VOM of the tractor - 540 rpm. Working speed - no more than 15 km/h. Transport speed - no more than 25 km/h. Overall dimensions: length - 1975 mm. width - 2130 mm. height - 1080 mm.


Agricultural directory (AGRIster) is the base of knowledge, information, and products used or have been used in the agricultural industry. Information published in this catalog specifications and parameters of agricultural machinery i.e. tractors (Steyr Kompakt 485, International Harvester Mogul 45, Daedong EX35, Wisconsin Tractor 20-35, Pioneer Tractor Special, Saunderson G, ATC Terratrac M-2, Schluter Super 400). The data come from publicly available sources, from users, manufacturers and distributors and dealers.


We make every effort to ensure that the data published in the directory is correct and up to date, but no guarantee. The data are published as they are without any guarantee its accuracy and are not responsible for its use. The data and specs presented are for informational purposes only and does not constitute an offer.


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